M is for Manassas (a.k.a. Bull Run). This was the first major land battle of the armies in Virginia. On July 16,
1861, the untried Union army under Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell marched from
Washington against the Confederate army, which was drawn up behind Bull Run
beyond Centreville. On the 21st, McDowell crossed at Sudley Ford and attacked
the Confederate left flank on Matthews Hill. Fighting raged throughout the day
as Confederate forces were driven back to Henry Hill. Late in the afternoon,
Confederate reinforcements (one brigade arriving by rail from the Shenandoah
Valley) extended and broke the Union right flank. The Federal retreat rapidly
deteriorated into a rout. Although victorious, Confederate forces were too
disorganized to pursue. Confederate Gen. Bee and Col. Bartow were killed. Thomas
J. Jackson earned the nom de guerre “Stonewall.” By July 22, the shattered Union
army reached the safety of Washington. This battle convinced the Lincoln
administration that the war would be a long and costly affair. McDowell was
relieved of command of the Union army and replaced by Maj. Gen. George B.
McClellan, who set about reorganizing and training the troops.
I have been learning a great deal about the Civil War with this choice of History. Most of it has made me sad....sad that at one time in our history there was brother fighting brother and so many died defending what they believed to be right.
I am a woman who wears many hats and loves them all. I am a singer - I sing with the group Still Magnolias. I was part of the original First United Methodist Church Arbor Praise Team until we moved. After 24+ years of teaching English 11 and Spanish I - II at Benjamin Russell High School I decided to take a job closer to home. I now teach Spanish I & 2 at Randolph Co. High School and Wadley. I thought I was getting close to retirement and looking forward to it, but decided to move my cheese and try something different. I am a preacher's wife and a preacher myself. My husband Frank is the pastor at Rock Mills United Methodist Church and I am the pastor at Midway (Wedowee). It has made our conversations interesting, to say the least.