"In a last desperate attempt to force Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman's army out
of Georgia, Gen. John Bell Hood led the Army of Tennessee north toward Nashville
in November 1864. Although he suffered terrible losses at Franklin on November
30, he continued toward Nashville. By the next day, the various elements of Maj.
Gen. George H. Thomas's army had reached Nashville. Hood reached the outskirts
of Nashville on December 2, occupied positions on a line of hills parallel to
those of the Union and began erecting fieldworks. Union Army Engineer, Brig.
Gen. James St. Clair Morton, had overseen the construction of sophisticated
fortifications at Nashville in 1862-63, strengthened by others, which would soon
see use. From the 1st through the 14th, Thomas made preparations for
the Battle of Nashville in which he intended to destroy Hood's army. On the
night of December 14, Thomas informed Maj. Gen. Henry W. Halleck, acting as Maj.
Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's chief of staff, that he would attack the next day.
Thomas planned to strike both of Hood's flanks. Before daylight on the 15th, the
first of the Union troops, led by Maj. Gen. James Steedman, attacked the
Confederate right, pinning down one Rebel corps there for the rest of the day.
Attack on the Confederate left on Montgomery Hill did not begin until after
noon. With this charge's success, attacks on other parts of the Confederate left
commenced, all eventually successful. By this time it was dark and fighting
stopped for the day. Although battered and with a much smaller battle
line, Gen. Hood was still confident. He established a main line of resistance
along the base of a ridge about two miles south of his former location, throwing
up new works and fortifying Shy's and Overton's hills on the flanks. The Federal
IV Army Corps marched out to within 250 yards of the Confederate's new line and
constructed fieldworks. During the rest of the morning, other Union troops took
position opposite the new Confederate line. The same brigade that took
Montgomery Hill the day before received the nod for the attack against Overton's
Hill. This charge, although gallantly conducted, failed, but other troops (Maj.
Gen. A.J. Smith's Israelites") successfully assaulted Shy's Hill in their
fronts. Seeing the success along the line, other Union troops charged up
Overton's Hill and took it. Hood's army was routed. Thomas had left one escape
route open but the Union army set off in pursuit. For ten days, the
pursuit continued until the beaten and battered Army of Tennessee recrossed the
Tennessee River. Hood's army was stalled at Columbia, beaten at Franklin, and
routed at Nashville. Hood retreated to Tupelo and resigned his command."
I am a woman who wears many hats and loves them all. I am a singer - I sing with the group Still Magnolias. I was part of the original First United Methodist Church Arbor Praise Team until we moved. After 24+ years of teaching English 11 and Spanish I - II at Benjamin Russell High School I decided to take a job closer to home. I now teach Spanish I & 2 at Randolph Co. High School and Wadley. I thought I was getting close to retirement and looking forward to it, but decided to move my cheese and try something different. I am a preacher's wife and a preacher myself. My husband Frank is the pastor at Rock Mills United Methodist Church and I am the pastor at Midway (Wedowee). It has made our conversations interesting, to say the least.